-s

-s1 [s, z after a vowel sound or voiced consonant]
suffix denoting the plurals of nouns (as in wagons). Compare with -es1.
Origin
OE plural ending -as.
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-s2 [s, z after a vowel sound or voiced consonant]
suffix forming the third person singular of the present of verbs (as in sews). Compare with -es2.
Origin
OE dialect
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-s3 [s, z after a vowel sound or voiced consonant]
suffix
1》 forming adverbs such as besides.
2》 forming possessive pronouns such as hers.
Origin
OE -es, masculine and neut. genitive singular ending.
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-s4 [s, z after a vowel sound or voiced consonant]
suffix forming nicknames or pet names: ducks.
Origin
suggested by -s1.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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